Answer: President Lincoln’s main goal in the Civil War was toeliminate slavery in all territory controlled by the United States. a. true b. false8Answer: Both the Union and the Confederacy used African Americansoldiers during the Civil War. a. true b. false9Answer: A series of Union victories in late 1864 helped AbrahamLincoln win reelection. a. true b. false10Answer: During his march from Atlanta to the sea, Sherman and hismen destroyed anything useful to the South. a. true b. false11Answer: General Grant imposed very harsh terms on the surrenderingConfederate soldiers at Appomattox Court House. a. true b. false12Answer: The federal government became more powerful than stategovernments as the result of the Union victory in the Civil War. a. true b. false13Answer: Because the war disrupted their supply of cotton, the Southexpected support from a. France and Spain. c. France and Canada. b. Spain and Mexico. d. Britain and France.14Answer: The Norths war plan came from a hero of the war with Mexico named a. Winfield Scott. c. Abraham Lincoln. b. George McClellan. d. Robert E. Lee.15Answer: What battle was named after a small church? a. Shiloh c. Vicksburg b. Gettysburg d. Atlanta16Answer: The bloodiest day of the entire Civil War was the Battle of a. Shiloh. c. Richmond. b. Antietam. d. New Orleans.17Answer: The first female army surgeon was a. Clara Barton. c. Sally Tompkins. b. Mary Edwards Walker. d. Dorothea Dix.18Answer: William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea began in a. Charleston, South Carolina. c. Atlanta, Georgia. b. Richmond, Virginia. d. Baltimore, Maryland.19Answer: In the Civil War, for the first time, thousands of women served as a. soldiers. c. generals. b. spies. d. nurses.20Answer: “Peace Democrats” became known as a. War Hawks. c. Copperheads. b. Rebels. d. Radicals.21Answer: What guarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing beforebeing jailed? a. bounties c. draft b. greenbacks d. habeas corpus22Answer: What battle began when on July 1, 1863 when the Confederatesentered a town for supplies and encountered Union troops? a. Gettysburg c. Vicksburg b. Shiloh d. Richmond23Answer: The plan to gain control of the Mississippi River and split theConfederacy in two was called a. the Great Divide. c. the Anaconda Plan. b. the Squeeze Play. d. the River Conquest.24Answer: The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to a. end slavery. c. punish the South. b. be recognized as independent. d. reunite the country.25Answer: General P.G.T. Beauregard fought against General Irvin McDowell at a. Shiloh. c. the First Battle of Bull Run. b. Gettysburg. d. the Second Battle of Bull Run.26Answer: The battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack was the first ever between a. cutters. c. warships. b. clippers. d. ironclad ships.27Answer: What April battle lasted only two days, but included some of the mostbloody fighting of the war? a. Shiloh c. Richmond b. Gettysburg d. Vicksburg28Answer: On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the a. Free Slave Bill. c. Emancipation Proclamation. b. Fourteenth Amendment. d. Thirteenth Amendment.29Answer: Who pointed out to Lincoln that by casting the war as a fight againstslavery, European countries would be less likely to aid the South? a. Frederick Douglass c. George B. McClellan b. David Farragut d. Ulysses S. Grant30Answer: Picketts Charge took place during the Battle of a. Shiloh. c. Gettysburg. b. Chancellorsville. d. Fredericksburg.31Answer: The worst disturbance in protest of the draft laws took place in a. Richmond, Virginia. c. Atlanta, Georgia. b. New York City. d. Washington, D.C.32Answer: Appomattox Court House is famous because it is the site of a. a bloody battle. c. Confederate headquarters. b. Union headquarters. d. Robert E. Lee’s surrender.33Answer: [William is] . . . wild to be off to Virginia. He so fears that thefighting will be over before he can get there.Kate Stone, 1861Written shortly after the attack on Fort Sumter, this excerpt from a letter by the sister of a Confederate soldier in Louisiana describes his _____ in the war. a. fear of involvement c. reluctance to fight b. eagerness to participate d. slowness to join34Answer: . . . Sis I dont know what you think about the war but I will tellyou what I think and that is the north will nevver whip the south aslong as there is a man left in the south. They fight like wild devles.Ever man seems determine to loose the last drop of blood before theygive up but there is no use of you and I talking about the war becausewe cant end it, but I dont care how soon it is stopped. Christmas willsoon be here I would like to be at [home.] . . .John R. McClure, private in 14th Indiana Volunteers, Letter to hissister, December 19, 1862According to the excerpt, Confederate soldiers _____. a. are very courageous c. give up easily b. are poor fighters d. outnumber the Union soldiers35Answer: A cruel, crazy, mad, hopeless panic possessed them. . . . The heatwas awful . . . the men were exhaustedtheir mouths gaped, their lipscracked and blackened with the powder of the cartridges they had bittenoff in the battle, their eyes staring in frenzy.Representative Albert Riddle, observing the First Battle of Bull RunThis excerpt describes _____ at the battle of First Battle of Bull Run. a. terrified observers of the battle b. courageous Confederate soldiers c. retreating Union soldiers d. civilians fleeing to Washington, DC36Answer: No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.at the capture of Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862This quotation provided a nickname for which new hero of the North? a. Ulysses S. Grant c. David Farragut b. Albert Sidney Johnson d. George McClellan37Answer: . . . It had suddenly appeared to him that perhaps in a battle hemight run. He was forced to admit that as far as war was concerned heknew nothing of himself. . . . A little panic-fear grew in his mind. As his imagination wentforward to a fight, he saw hideous possibilities. . . .Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of CourageThe character in this excerpt is becoming afraid because he a. knows he will fight hard along with others. b. wishes he were back home. c. is uncertain about how he will react in a battle. d. is eager to get into battle.38Answer: For my loyalty to my country I have two beautiful nameshere I amcalled traitor, farther North a _____ Elizabeth Van Lew, RichmondWhat word best fills in the blank in this quote by Elizabeth Van Lew, who secretly sent information about Confederate activities to President Lincoln? a. teacher c. nurse b. spy d. conductor39Answer: If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it;and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and ifI could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would alsodo that.August 1862Who took this position on the issue of slavery? a. Jefferson Davis c. William Lloyd Garrison b. Abraham Lincoln d. Frederick Douglass40Answer: . . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord onethousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves withinany state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then bein rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, andforever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize andmaintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts torepress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make fortheir actual freedom. . . .This announcement by the President of the United States is a quotation from a. the Constitution. c. the Gettysburg Address. b. the Emancipation Proclamation. d. the Thirteenth Amendment.41Answer: . . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord onethousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves withinany state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then bein rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, andforever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize andmaintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts torepress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make fortheir actual freedom. . . .According to this excerpt, anyone holding a person enslaved after January 1, 1863, would be a. arrested and jailed. c. in rebellion against the US. b. given a fair trial. d. recognized by the government.42Answer: [They] will make good soldiers and taking them from the enemy weakenshim in the same proportion they strengthen us.In this excerpt from a letter General Grant wrote to President Lincoln, to whom does They refer? a. Native Americans c. African Americans b. Female spies d. slaves on Southern plantations43Answer: Does anyone wonder [why] so many women die? Grief and constant anxietykill nearly as many women at home as men are killed on the battle-field.Mary ChesnutAbout what do women feel the grief and constant anxiety that this excerpt mentions? a. the difficulty of managing farms and taking care of families b. the exhaustion of working in factories and replacing missing male workers c. the problems of collecting supplies of food and clothing for the war effort. d. the possible death of husbands, fathers, sons, and brothers far from home44Answer: July 29, 1864Sleepless nights. The report is that the Yankees haveleft Covington for Macon, . . . to release prisoners held there. Theyrobbed every house on the road of its provisions [supplies], sometimestaking every piece of meat, blankets and wearing apparel, silver and armsof every description. They would take silk dresses and put them undertheir saddles, and many other things for which they had no use. Is thisthe way to make us love them and their Union? Let the poor people answer[those] whom they have deprived of every mouthful of meat and of theirlivestock to make any! Our mills, too, they have burned, destroying animmense amount of property.from the diary of Dolly Sumner LuntDuring General Shermans March to the Sea, described in this excerpt, the object of this destruction was _____. a. to destroy the Confederate army b. to find supplies for the Union army c. to encourage freeing the Souths slaves d. to break the Souths will to fight45Answer: Can you imagine a fellows feelings about that time, to have toface thousands of muskets with a prospect of having a bullet putthrough you? If you can, all right; I cant describe it. Ive heardsome say that they were not _____ going into a fight, but I think itsall nonsense. I dont believe there was ever a man who went into battlebut was _____, more or less. Some will turn pale as a sheet, look wildand ferocious, some will be so excited that they dont know what theyare about while others will be as cool and collected as on otheroccasions.George Sargent, Union soldierWhich word best fill in the blanks for this passage about facing battle? a. confused c. scared b. curious d. calm46Answer: I cant spare this man. He fights.President Abraham LincolnThis quotation refers to what formerly unpromising army officer? a. George McClellan c. William Tecumseh Sherman b. Ulysses S. Grant d. Ambrose Burnside47Answer: . . . I need not tell the brave survivors of so many hardfoughtbattles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consentedto the result from no distrust of them. But, feeling that valor anddevotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the lossthat may have attended the continuance of the contest, I determined toavoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endearedthem to their countrymen. . . .General Robert E. Lee, last order to his troops, April 9, 1865Which statement best describes why Lee is surrendering? a. Further fighting could not accomplish anything useful and losses would be heavy. b. Lee was tired of fighting and the Confederate armies had suffered very heavy losses. c. The Confederate armies were weary and would not continue to fight any more. d. Ammunition and other supplies for the Confederate troops had run out and could not be replaced.48Answer: Referring to the figure, based on the time line, which of thefollowing events did not occur in 1863? a. Red Cross established b. Emancipation Proclamation issued c. Lake Victoria discovered d. Great Expectations published49Answer: Referring to the figure, the greatest difference between resourcesof the North and South in this graph is in which category? a. manufactured goods c. number of farms b. exports d. population50Answer: Referring to the Fig. in Question #49, based on the graph, the South was mostnearly equal to the North in which of the following resources? a. railroad mileage c. exports b. number of farms d. manufactured goods51Answer: Referring to the figure, when was Manassas, or Bull Run, fought? a. August 2930, 1862 c. April 1214, 1861 b. July 21, 1861 d. September 17, 186252Answer: Referring to the Fig. in Question #51, based on the map, in which of the followingstates were none of the early Civil War battles fought? a. Tennessee c. North Carolina b. Virginia d. Louisiana53Answer: Referring to the figure, based on the circle graphs, which of thefollowing statements is true? a. African Americans accounted for 18% more of Union sailors than they did Union soldiers. b. African Americans were better represented in the Union Army than in the Union Navy. c. African Americans accounted for 8% more of Union sailors than they did Union soldiers. d. Large numbers of African Americans were pressed into service by the Union Navy.54Answer: Referring to the figure, according to the map, how many victoriesfor the South took place in 1863? a. 1 c. 5 b. 9 d. 455Answer: Referring to the figure, these three maps display which of thefollowing? a. Union control gradually decreasing b. Confederate control gradually decreasing c. Union naval blockades gradually increasing d. Union naval blockades gradually decreasing56Answer: Referring to the figure, according to the circle graph, which warcost the most American lives after the Civil War? a. Civil War c. World War II b. World War I d. Vietnam War57Answer: Referring to the figure, based on the map, which of the followingbattles was fought on June 27, 1864? a. Cold Harbor c. The Wilderness b. Wilmington d. Kennesaw Mountain58Answer: Referring to the figure, the arrows on this map represent which ofthe following things? a. roads c. troop positions b. troop movements d. Union victories a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House59Answer: to close ports a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House60Answer: Confederate commander a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House61Answer: captured New Orleans a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House62Answer: 54th Massachusetts a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House63Answer: site of Robert E. Lee’s surrender a. David Farragut d. General P.G.T. Beauregard b. African American regiment e. blockade c. Appomattox Court House64Answer: Union capital a. Merrimack d. Washington, D.C. b. Jefferson Davis e. Richmond, Virginia c. Stonewall Jackson65Answer: Confederate capital a. Merrimack d. Washington, D.C. b. Jefferson Davis e. Richmond, Virginia c. Stonewall Jackson66Answer: Confederate president a. Merrimack d. Washington, D.C. b. Jefferson Davis e. Richmond, Virginia c. Stonewall Jackson67Answer: South’s ironclad ship a. Merrimack d. Washington, D.C. b. Jefferson Davis e. Richmond, Virginia c. Stonewall Jackson68Answer: casualty of Chancellorsville a. Merrimack d. Washington, D.C. b. Jefferson Davis e. Richmond, Virginia c. Stonewall Jackson69Answer: total war a. habeas corpus d. Copperheads b. Shermans strategy e. Reconstruction c. greenbacks70Answer: prisoners right a. habeas corpus d. Copperheads b. Shermans strategy e. Reconstruction c. greenbacks71Answer: Peace Democrats a. habeas corpus d. Copperheads b. Shermans strategy e. Reconstruction c. greenbacks72Answer: era after the war a. habeas corpus d. Copperheads b. Shermans strategy e. Reconstruction c. greenbacks73Answer: Northern money a. habeas corpus d. Copperheads b. Shermans strategy e. Reconstruction c. greenbacks
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